Le 30 mars 2017, lors d’une cérémonie tenue au siège de l’Organisation internationale de la Francophonie, à Paris, la Secrétaire générale de la Francophonie, Michaëlle Jean, a procédé au lancement officiel de l’Observatoire Boutros-Ghali du maintien de la paix, aux côtés de la France, du Canada et de la Belgique.
Under EU and international law, EU Member States are prohibited from facilitating, contributing to or supporting violations of human rights and international humanitarian law abroad, for example by transferring weapons. Yet there are concerns about the legality of some arms exports. Beyond the primary responsibility of the user of weapons, this analysis aims to examine the question of the legal responsibility of European States transferring arms to other States in situations where they could be used to commit serious violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law.
Ecoutez les témoignages d’Aliou Sane (Y’en a marre), de Smockey (Balai citoyen), de Floribert Anzuluni et Yangu Kiakwama (Filimbi), qui nous retracent les parcours des différents mouvements citoyens africains dans lesquels ils sont impliqués...
In 2016, for the first time in their history, the European institutions decided to finance some actions in the field of defense research. This is a fundamental change in the Union's approach to European defense and may be a game changer, depending on the modalities that will be used to define the amount and the outline of the future European Defense Research Program (EDRP) as well as its relationship with the national defense planning and the European defense planning that appears to be emerging. Other important issues will also need to be addressed, such as the articulation of the European program with the capability programs and its overall governance. This Analysis, drawn up on the basis of a report to the European Parliament in March 2016, provides an update on the situation in the spring of 2017.
Since 2015, Malaysia is mired in a political crisis that was prompted by a world-scale corruption scandal. Facing these turbulences, Prime Minister Najib Razak allegedly received no less than US$ 1 billion from a sovereign fund – « 1MDB » – he himself set up and presided. 1MDB is now close to bankruptcy. In place of apology, Najib’s government forged ahead: it silenced its critics by an intensive use of draconian regulations and now plays the racial and religious cards in prevision of a hotly contested general election. Such an evolution will probably spill over national borders, but with what impact?
Jeunesse africaine et dynamiques de résiliences à la violence, à l’exclusion et l’injustice
Le 20 décembre 2016, la République démocratique du Congo aurait dû connaître le nom de son nouveau Président. Il n’en a rien été. Violée ou mal interprétée – les avis divergent –, la Constitution congolaise n’a pas pu jouer son rôle dans le processus électoral. L’acharnement de Joseph Kabila et de son entourage a brisé l’élan de démocratisation et l’espoir d’un peuple de savourer les avancées démocratiques de son pays.
Arms manufacturing goods and technologies: exports-at-risks Arms manufacturing goods and technologies are widely sought on the international defence market: they can help importing States to reduce dependence on their suppliers while progressively acquiring knowledge and know-how likely to strengthen their own defence industry. But these manufacturing capabilities also pose a challenge to exporting companies as they have been increasingly required to transfer such defence articles as part of expanding offsets requirements, thereby putting their own competitiveness at risk. As to suppliers States, exports of defence manufacturing capabilities must be assessed through the risk of end-use diversion as well as their potential negative impact on national employment rate.
Crédit photo : Usine de munitions de l’entreprise Caracal (crédit: army-technology.com)